Underground water - problems, rationing, other solutions

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Underground water - problems, rationing, other solutions

Post by kmoksha » Tue Oct 12, 2010 1:11 pm

There are 2.5 crore bore wells in Bharat approximately. If rationing is to be done for them, how many persons will have to be employed and how much funds will each person have to pay for that?
What is counted as ground water?
Do open wells and step wells and ponds and tanks come in that? Say if someone digs a open well instead of borewell?
Also, there is a overlap between surface water and ground water. Will that be included in ground water or surface water?

Also while rationing of underground water, it has to be noted that ground water availibility and demand is diverse.
http://www.devalt.org/water/WaterinIndi ... istics.htm

If the rationing is done on a national level, what will be the formula? And how often will be it revised?
How can the common man follow such complex variations?
The cost of extracting ground water is also variable. In areas where ground water is less, ground water will be costly and vice versa.

And alone rationing of groundwater will not work. Along with that rain water harvesting should be promoted.
Tax exemption and other incentives should be given for rainwater harvesting. Also, helpdesk and training of plumbers and masons for rainwater harvesting is required.
This has succeeded in Bangalore amongst urban areas and in rural and suburban areas of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Karnatak.

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Water security-Rooftop rainwater harvesting as a supplement

Post by kmoksha » Tue Oct 12, 2010 4:48 pm

Arjunabetahalli near Railway Golhalli Bangalore rural district, has around 32 rooftop rainwater harvesting tanks built in 2007. These tanks are proving useful to the community.


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Pani Panchayat: A model of groundwater management

Post by kmoksha » Wed Nov 17, 2010 12:58 pm

Pani Panchayat: A model of groundwater management


The presentation by ACWADAM deals with Pani Panchayats as a model of groundwater management. Pani Panchayat is a voluntary activity of a group of farmers engaged in the collective management (harvesting and equitable distribution) of surface water and groundwater (wells and percolation tanks).

Pani Panchayat is the name first given to a movement by Mr. Vilasrao Salunke for motivating farmers of Naigaon village of the drought-prone Purandhar taluka of Maharashtra in 1974. The government's inability to deal with the drought situation prompted him to take a 40 acre land on lease from the village temple trust and develop a recharge pond in the recharge area of the village, a dug well in the discharge zone and a lift irrigation system.

Farmers got impressed with the results demanding a scale up of the experiment leading to the setting up of Gram Gaurav Pratisthan (GGP) through which the work was expanded to encompass both groundwater and surface water management.

The principles and protocols for water management and demand management followed by GGP include:

* Only community irrigation schemes
* Decoupling the water and land rights; landless people were also given water right (through lease of land to landless people) leading to increased productivities of land, water and people.
* Water distribution on per capita basis, for maximum of 2.5 acre land (grain need of a person is fulfilled from half an acre land, with a family size of 5)
* Ban on water intensive crops like sugarcane and banana.
* 20 per cent contribution by community.
* No individual wells in the command area.
* Restriction on sale of land; wherever land was sold, irrigation right was not passed on to the buyer.

Pani Panchayat principles covered equity, demand management, rights of landless, community participation and sustainability of the resource. Its structure comprised of -

* Water user group for each lift irrigation scheme which in turn had a representation in the village level Pani Panchayat;
* Election of the representatives of the village level Committee;
* Decentralized decision making with public participation;
* Monthly meeting of the committee to review, plan work and resolve conflicts;
* Ensuring equitable water distribution;
* Collection of Pani Patti;
* Maintenance of the scheme.

Naigaon, MM, India
Latitude: 19.351098, Longitude: 72.833823


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Re: Underground water- problems, rationing, other solutions

Post by kmoksha » Wed Nov 17, 2010 1:00 pm

In Bangalore, incentives given for rain water harvesting in the form of concessions in taxes.
Bangalore also has a rainwater helpdesk and aim to convert 200,000 houses by end of 2010.
Its water bodies like lakes etc also are being revived which will solve the water problem of Bangalore.

Bangalore could serve as a model for all the cities.

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